Definition of Migraine- according to the Mayo Clinic:

“Migraines are chronic headaches that can cause significant pain for hours or even days. Symptoms can be so severe that all you can think about is finding a dark, quiet place to lie down.”

 “In some cases, these painful headaches are preceded or accompanied by a sensory warning sign (aura), such as flashes of light, blind spots or tingling in your arm or leg. A migraine is also often accompanied by other signs and symptoms, such as nausea, vomiting, and extreme sensitivity to light and sound.

Migraine pain can be excruciating and may incapacitate you for hours or even days.

“Fortunately, management of migraine pain has improved dramatically in the last decade. If you’ve seen a doctor in the past and had no success, it’s time to make another appointment…”

The Mayo Clinic also notes:

“Although much about headaches still isn’t understood, researchers think migraines may be caused by functional changes in the trigeminal nerve system,* a major pain pathway in your nervous system, and by imbalances in brain chemicals, including serotonin, which plays a regulatory role for pain messages going through this pathway."

“During a headache, serotonin levels drop. Researchers believe this causes the trigeminal nerve to release substances called neuropeptides, which travel to your brain’s outer covering (meninges). There they cause blood vessels to become dilated and inflamed. The result is headache pain.”






The mission of The TMJ Association is to improve the care and treatment of those affected by temporomandibular joint (TMJ) diseases and disorders through research and education, with the ultimate aim of preventing these craniofacial problems.  

According to the TMJ Association: People diagnosed with TMJDs may be experiencing other symptoms and medical conditions as part of broader multi-systems illnesses that go unrecognized. Patients with TMJDs are most often diagnosed and treated primarily by dentists or oral surgeons, while another medical professional may be treating them for other conditions.

Millions of Americans suffer from chronic fatigue syndrome, endometriosis, fibromyalgia, interstitial cystitis, irritable bowel syndrome, temporomandibular joint and muscle disorders, and vulvodynia. Current research indicates that these conditions frequently coexist or 'overlap,' yet all of the disorders are poorly understood. Research on the overlap of these conditions is in its infancy, so we don't know how/why they are connected. There are many unanswered questions. Some people suffer from two conditions, while others have three or more. In some cases, individuals suffer from one condition for many years before developing a second or third; in other cases, individuals experience symptoms of several conditions simultaneously.

The following are health conditions that may co-exist with TMJDs: